Joiners and Carpenters
Joinery and carpentry, respectively, are apprenticeship woodworking professions. Joiners make furniture and interior fittings, for example, tables, chairs, benches, cabinets, chests and beds. Sawing, planing, milling, and gluing all are steps on the way to a finished piece of furniture. The sanded surface is finally oiled or finished with varnish and polished. Finer pieces of furniture are clad in veneer, and in very special pieces this veneer is artfully decorated with marquetry (inlays). Many pieces are also embellished with woodcarvings. These pieces are made in small workshops usually commissioned by the customer. For the actual construction of houses, carpenters make doors, windows, wooden floors and stairways. They prepare in the workshop as much as possible and then install their products in the building. The wood for all this work is supplied by the sawmill, which processes the trunks felled in the forest and turns them into boards and beams.
In the Electorate of Hesse, the previously entirely practical apprenticeship in the various trades had been given an additional compulsory theoretical component which was taught at specialist schools as early as the first part of the nineteenth century. They are the precursor of today’s vocational schools and colleges.
Carpentry demonstrations are held at selected dates in the workshop from Fulda in Hessenpark.